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Sri Lanka and The Many Fault-Lines

Author : Bhabtosh Pati | Posted on: 2019-04-30

The Deadly Suicide bombings on The Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka, which left in excess of 350 individuals dead and in excess of 500 harmed, astounded and stunned those in the nation as well as individuals around the globe. The Sri Lankan government has accused the Islamist fringe group National Thowfeek Jamaath. The Sri Lankan Government is likewise exploring the part played by the global Islamic terror network after Islamic State asserted its responsibility regarding the assaults, saying they were in "retribution" for last month’s mosque assaults in Christchurch, New Zealand.

 

The previous couple of years have seen transnational Islamic terrorist organizations completing remorseless assaults in various parts of the world. However, there have been no past historic issues with global Islamic terror in Sri Lanka. While there has been relative harmony since the finish of the gruesome civil war 10 years back, new types of hardship have developed among ethnic and religious groups in the nation, which could be effectively capitalised by the transnational terror network. Sri Lanka's 26-year-long civil war was a continuous clash between the dominant Sinhalese who are generally Buddhist, and the Tamils who are a minority broadly however a majority in the north and east comprised of Hindus and Christians. The war finished in 2009 with the thrashing of the Tamil Tigers, a violent secessionist organisation.

 

Like the Tamil populace, the Muslim minority in Sri Lanka has additionally been exposed to different mistreatments by successive governments since freedom in 1948. Amid the after-war time frame, clashes between the Sinhala and the Muslim people augmented to a great extent. Specifically, brutality was unleashed by hard-line Buddhist Sinhalese groups in June, 2014, and in the long stretches of February and March, 2018. State powers acted inclined toward Sinhalese individuals, which thusly impelled Muslim fanatic exercises.


A few Muslims, holding sentiments of sharpness and dissatisfaction, can sadly be effectively manipulated by worldwide Islamic associations, and particularly in a spot, for example, Sri Lanka, where Buddhist fanaticism has as of late conflicted with the Muslim minority. So we can't state without a doubt that the Easter Sunday assaults on Christians weren’t striking back for the slaughter of Muslims in New Zealand as the Islamic State claims.


For as long as couple of years, data about this developing Muslim fanaticism in Sri Lanka and the connections shaped with the Islamic State had turned out to be open. In 2016, the Sri Lankan government said around 32 Sri Lankans had gone to Syria and Iraq to battle with the Islamic State. On Jan. 17, four young people were captured in Wanathawilluwa, on the island's western coast, on doubt of terrorist activities. Four barrel full of explosives adding up to 100 kilograms and 100 detonators were seized alongside certain religious books. Specialists showed the captured young people were intending to annihilate consecrated Buddhist religious places. This was an unmistakable flag of future terror attacks, yet appears to have been to a great extent overlooked. That same month, an insightful piece pointed out the nexus of the Islamic State shaped under the authority of Jamaat-e-Islami in South Asia, including Sri Lanka.

 

It was accounted for that data about potential suicide assaults had been passed on by Indian intelligence agencies to the Sri Lankan security agencies 10 days before the Easter bombings. Why the Government did not make a move is an inquiry being raised by many. The substantial split inside the Sri Lankan Army structure is one motivation behind why pre-empting these assaults would have been unimaginable. The military is split into pro President, pro Prime Minister and pro ex-president (Mahinda Rajapaksa) groups. There is additionally an area of the military faithful to the previous defence secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa. Meanwhile disputes between the President and Prime Minister, who belong to two different parties, have weakened the security of the country.


The internal conflicts among the general population and government can't be overlooked any more. The war may have finished 10 years prior, however the contention still remains and the underlying drivers are still there and developing quick. For whatever length of time that there are clashes, complaints and hostility among the different demographies, the foreign-terror elements would utilize the distinctions to their advantage.


The present circumstance seeks an adjustment in the outlooks of leaders to find a way to realize harmony and stability. Up to that point, peace will stay elusive in Sri Lanka. 


The author teaches Geography and contemporary affairs and is a well-known political commentator. 


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