The use of lithium batteries in cars, motorcycles, heavy vehicles and off-road equipment is increasing rapidly. Lead-acid batteries are being replaced by lithium batteries to improve charge/discharge performances, save weight, save space, increase life-time environment etc. A combined R&D effort see the improving standard in the lithium battery performance resulting in electric cars that go further. The most common battery type in modern electric cars are lithium-ion and lithium polymer. Battery, because of their high energy density compared to their weight. As of 2018, the few electric cars with over 500km of range such as the Tesla Model are firmly in the luxury segment. Since the late 1990s, advances in battery technology have been driven by demands for portable electronics, like laptop, computers and mobile phones. The battery eclectic vehicles (BEVs) market has reaped the benefits of these advances both in performances and energy density. The batteries can be discharged and recharged each day. The driving range of zero emission electric vehicles is about to be extended due to the development of an atomic analysis mythology. Such analysis examines the structure of amorphous silicon monoxide (sio), regarded as the answer to boosting next generation lithium-ion battery (Li-ion) capacity, which can give researchers insights into electrode structure during changing cycles. However, according to a study amorphous Sio is resistant to such degradation and based on a combination of structural analysis and computer simulation techniques, a new understanding of the structure of Sio has been reached. The atomic structure of Sio was thought to be in homogeneous but new intelligence shows that its structure allows the storage of a larger numbers of Li-ions, which in turn lead to improved battery performances. The utilisation of this analysis method in or future R&D will surely contribute to extending the cruising range of future zero-emission vehicles.
In India over a dozen companies, ranging from auto components manufacturers to power and energy solutions providers, have rolled out plans to make lithium-ion batteries locally, to cash in on the rush for green vehicles all over India. The list of companies include Exide, Excon, Amaron,, Green Fuel Energy Solutions, Amara Raja Batteries, BASF Catalyst, Trinity Energy Systems and Versatile Auto Components etc. In fact, the development has come close to the expectations of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) which gave directions that most of the incentives of the 5,500 crore earmarked for the second phase of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) India scheme be used to encourage to locally manufacture lithium-ion batteries, which can form the core of electric vehicles. Sohinder Gill, Director General, Society of Manufactures of Electric Vehicles (SMEV) states that, “More than dozen companies have started importing lithium-ion cells from countries such as China, Taiwan, Korea assembling batteries…The battery being manufactured are locally costlier, but are superior in quality when compared with Chinese counterparts.” Till today the sales of electric vehicles have remained limited due to the high costs and lack of charging infrastructure, so due to this potential of battery makers is huge.
By 2040, more then half of all new car sales in the world and third of the planets’ automobile fleet which is equal to 559 million vehicles are expected to be running on battery. Amara Raja Batteries Ltd. India’s second biggest traditional battery makers by value has to build lithium ion assemble plant as it seeks to grab a slice of the market for electric vehicles power packs that are set to grow to $300billion by 2030. The government plans to have green vehicles comprising about a third of its fleet by 2030. Amara Raja expects the market for supplying batteries to e-rikshaws, small privately-owned three wheelers taxis, to grow at a compounded rate of about 20 percent over the next five years. The new lithium-ion pack assembly is expected to generate business by the end of this financial year, ending March 2019.
While Maruti Suzuki’s parent company Suzuki Motors Corporation has tied up with Toshiba and Denso to set up the country’s first lithium-ion battery manufacturing facility in Gujrat at an investment of INR 1150 crores to expand electric vehicles manufacturing capacity at its Bengaluru facility, set up a R&D centre and a new battery manufacturing unit in Chakan, Maharastra. Mahindra even forged an alliance with South Korea’s LG to make lithium-ion batteries in India.
So by 2040, more than half of all new car sales in the world and a third of the planet’s automobile fleet will be electric, according to a global outlook published in May 2018 Bloomberg New Energy Finance magazine (BNEF). BNEF expects EVs to comprise about 7 percent of vehicles in India by 2030 and 27 percent by 2040. So lithium batteries will give a big relief to avoid vehicular pollution all over the world. In India there is a lot of work to do, regarding the production of lithium batteries. And if this happens as thought, then it could be a boom for the future energy sector. Because, when compared to the alternative of using fossil fuels, lithium-batteries come out far ahead. It will reduce pollution, consumption of natural gases and will give a giant boom to the world.