Odisha Governments Inks Pact with Asian Development Bank to Skill Odisha Youths
Category : ODISHA | Posted on: 2019-01-13
By Odisha Today Bureau
Recently the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of Odisha (GoO) signed a loan agreement of $85 million with to train 1.5 lakh youths in the state. According to the official sources, youths in the age group of 15-34 years shall be given various skill development trainings to make them employable and competent in the job sector so that they can use their creativity and talent to achieve life-goals.
Out of the total cost of the project which is $193 million, the GoO is contributing to a tune of $108 million and the rest will be funded by the ADB loan as mentioned above, a government statement said. Along with this, the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR), which is a Japanese government technical programme, will provide technical assistance to the GoO to achieve the said goal.
There is also and additional $2 million worth of technical assistance that ADB will provide towards the capacity building component of the project. In the project, the Odisha Skill Development Authority and ITE Education Services, Singapore will cooperate in the establishment and operation of a World Skills Centre in Bhubaneswar.
The projects aims to address the issue of unemployment and poverty in Odisha. It is to be noted here that recent reports in various newspapers show that more than 10.83 lakh youths in Odisha are registered unemployed and around 20 lakh rural youths don’t get employment opportunity. So, they migrate to far-off places in search of livelihoods.
Similarly according to the Not a cheerful scenario for over 2.6 lakh graduates aspiring for jobs in the State as Odisha almost topped the country with a high of around 15 per cent unemployment rate among graduates in 2014.
Such high unemployment rate among graduates could only be seen in Bihar and north-eastern States in the country. This shows how acute the joblessness among graduates is in a State enriched with natural resources vis-a-vis the north-eastern States. Such a gloomy scenario prevailing in Odisha job market has been brought to fore by the 2014 Labour Bureau Report, released recently.
As per the Bureau's report, when the total unemployment rate in 2014 in Odisha has been over 3 per cent, the rates among graduates and postgraduates were abnormally higher at 14.8 per cent and 8.2 per cent, respectively. This reflects the fact that skilled jobs are not on offer in Odisha.
Gradual marginalisation of employment market looks evident as the placements made by employment exchanges in the State has dropped by a whopping 84 per cent during the period 2010-2014.
While in 2010 the State employment exchanges had total job-seekers to the tune of 9.4 lakh, placements made through exchanges totalled over 4,480. In the year 2014, the total applicants at the exchanges across the state grew to around 11 lakh, but the placements made were mere 700 only.
It's significant to mention that total jobseekers in employment exchanges in Odisha are much higher than Bihar (8.6lakh) despite lower population in job-seeking age-groups. However, placements made by Bihar stood at 3,600 in 2014. State's shrinking job-market looks clearly evident as the employment in organised sector (public and private) in 2012 had been over 19 lakh compared to mere 4 lakh in Bihar. The lower placements over the years in proportion to organised sector employment in Odisha indicate to the crunch in employment market here.
It needs mentioning that this vast drop in employment in organised sector in Odisha has been attributed to poor rate of job creation by the state government and state public sector undertakings. Data is clearly evident as from around 6,000 job opportunities notified in public sector in 2001, it shrunk to mere 1,400-1,500 by the year 2014.
The Government's drive to boost job creation through private sector comes as a cropper as poor business environment leading to poor income saw the job creation in private sector shrinking to almost a half in 2014 from over 7,000 in 2009-10.